BIM for Sustainable Building Design
Firstly, we need to discuss Building Information Modeling (BIM), what it is, and its potential to Conquer the answer to sustainable design. BIM in and of itself; is known as the process to design buildings and structures on a collaborative level. BIM is Allowing Architects, engineers, and the Construction Industry (AEC) to make changes in real time. It can track the amount of time each person spends working on the project, projecting constructio n costs and timing from the beginning of a building; thus, helping construction meet completion goals better than ever before. It also tells the AEC information right down to what, when, and where the building will need to maintenance. That is the simple definition.
Where is BIM going
In truth, BIM goes so much further; it is difficult to take in all that this has to offer. Other than the genius that has gone into its creation. BIM has been a long time in the making and, seems to be a fluid and ever-evolving form, taking shape into things we had not previously imagined. However, as technology grows, our applications and their abilities are ever expanding too. Where is the future of building information modeling going?
The future of BIM
Well, it is going green; as the future of BIM technology changes along with everything else, it is maturing and growing into something that gives AEC some remarkable power in building design. As if this were not enough, the future of BIM software will be able to integrate with other emerging schemas that focus on building green. Moreover, even upcoming AI implementations; which, will streamline the drafting and how information is changed and entered into the BIM even further.
The future of BIM in construction
Which is excellent, mother earth not only needs it, she is begging for it; and so are the people and animal life. Not only is it great that this is being worked on by concerned AEC, but due to The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007. Requires that new construction and renovation projects must make sure they are using 55% less energy than other commercial buildings. Furthermore, by 2030, all new facilities have to meet the new standard of net-zero energy buildings.
When BIM optimization is applied
Well, there is BIM, and there is, of course, optimization of the tools you have at your fingertips. The BIM is just a thing, without humans that actively utilize BIM and sustainable construction are optimizing it, without AEC using this valuable tool, it is just another program sitting on a desktop. We, just cannot have that. The power of BIM to grow sustainable homes, structures, and buildings is too powerful to let it sit on the shelf; therefore, it cannot!
In today’s world of pollution, BIM software is the future
In today’s world of pollution, greenhouse gases, energy footprints, and more; tools like this are no longer sitting around on the shelf. With the worlds collective environmental problems, particularly climate change, being a severe global issue; just waiting for the bright minds of today, and technology, to concentrate its efforts on solving this sobering challenge. BIM has the power to change all of this when optimized for today’s sustainable construction. The AEC now realizes how vital BIM for sustainable building design. The AEC also recognizes how badly needed such a powerful tool is and can be. Assisting in this global issue, the aims of BIM are leaning more toward sustainable building design. The future of building information modeling is taking many steps to solve these issues.
BIM Optimization for sustainable building design
Imagine it. Green buildings. There is a subset of BIM Optimization for sustainable and greener buildings. Green Building IML is a subset of the BMI modeling efforts. This subset of optimizing BMI and sustainability; thankfully, is a reality. Many people are not concerned at all with the carbon footprint and pollution that buildings create or perhaps, they have never thought of how much additional energy buildings use. Honestly, it is a staggering amount. Our beloved buildings and structures are releasing over 70% of greenhouse gasses emitted. Moreover, they use a crushing 70% of the energy consumed in the United States alone.
The future of BIM technology and solutions
It does not take much thought to realize this is a staggering amount of energy. Also, it is such a large number; it is obnoxious. Moreover, it is an issue for our climate, air quality, and carbon footprint affecting the entire world. Some of these numbers may be in the USA, but we all know the wind blows across the globe. This fact is not only revolting, most of us realize it is causing health issues and climate change; this is where BMI optimization for sustainable construction comes into play. Making crucial correct decisions regarding sustainable buildings at the initial stage plays a pivotal role in realizing the sustainable building. It is clear why in recent years, BIM has become a favorite approach used for sustainable building design.
The future of BIM and theme of sustainable building
The general theme of a sustainable building is: Use as few resources as possible, not to disturb ecosystems, disrupt natural life rhythms during construction, maintenance, operation and demolition of a building. BIM is a favorite approach to the creation of the sustainable building. Giving the AEC the ability to enter all the geometry, geographic information, spatial relationships, and the properties and quantities of the building elements; which, are saved in its virtual 3D environment. Thus, the ability to apply simulation after simulation while still in the virtual environment. Giving them the ability to verify the performance of their designs. Also, giving them the full use of the future of BIM in construction designs, and find one that works best for the build area and environment. The future of BIM technology and its optimization, and more widespread use may be just what the doctor ordered for the planet, and all of her inhabitants. Taking nature, wildlife, and humans into consideration before a build, will decrease not only the carbon footprint and emissions; but the effect the buildings have on our emotions and how we have finally come to value simple things such as clean air, environment, and wildlife habitat erosion.
Of course, these changes cannot happen overnight. However, it creates hope and the possibility of change; that things can and will be better for our lives and the lives of our future generations in general because of the unique technology of building information technology.
BIM is not a new and unknown term in India anymore.
In recent years, Building Information Modeling, otherwise known as BIM, has grown in popularity with professionals in architecture, engineering, and construction industry. This is mainly due in part to the efficient tools it gives AEC professionals in the planning, designing, construction, and overall management phases of buildings and infrastructures. However, in India, the implementation of BIM modeling and applications has been slow and gradual in many industries.
India’s slow rise in BIM
BIM has unequivocally become a necessity for construction in almost every developed and developing country including India. So why has the process taken long to adopt? Generally, India has been a bit hesitant to adopt new technologies, and BIM expertise in india are limited in the region. Not to mention the heavy initial cost of BIM and the lack of involvement from the government of india to quicken its implementation. However, rapid urbanization and industrialization has changed the scenario and has given rise to the need for better infrastructural set ups in india. As it is said that the quality of the country’s existing infrastructure is neither efficient nor environmentally optimal. Which means there is a need for BIM technology to revolutionize the construction landscape in India.
Construction Companies Using BIM
As mentioned earlier, AEC professionals have incorporated BIM into their projects, and this includes some of the biggest construction companies across the globe like Hochtief, China Communications Construction Group, Vinci, and Samsung C&T. Among them is also Indian based company Larsen & Toubro. L&T is a company that claims to have mastered BIM from the start. Beginning with a conceptual demonstration to detail architecture, all the way up to post construction, among other performance-enhancing applications. This extends to their projects including airports, IT infrastructure buildings, public buildings such as sport infrastructure and metro stations, and factories using steel, reinforced concrete, and pre-stressed concrete. The adoption of BIM processes has allowed experts to explore a project’s crucial characteristics physically and digitally even before it’s been completely built.
So how does L&T incorporate BIM into their projects and can more Indian based construction companies follow? These are six key factors in L&T’s BIM incorporation of software and technology:
To ensure a project can even begin, it is vital to establish the human need for it combined with the efficient use of space. L&T offers turnkey design and construction of infrastructure and modern amenitiesthat meet customer needs. This eliminates the possibility of having a project fail before it can reach stakeholders.
Using advanced production techniques and high-speed technologies like heated tunnel forms and aluminum form work help in the reinforcement of walls and floor slabs on a continuous single pour which thereby reduces time and cost. Buildings are less acceptable to collapse which reduces the need for rebuilding.
L&T has India’s largest fleet of construction equipment that offers speed, high quality, and cost-effective construction. With a combination of construction techniques and a systematic schedule, L&T is able to ensure quick work progress at high levels of accuracy and enhanced productivity with safe practices. Buildings are built with accuracy and speed which reduces the cost and time to finish.
Design and Build
L&T’s concept is simple: The General Contractor takes single-point-responsibility. To elaborate, the General Contractor is responsible for coordinating with the other AEC professionals involved in the project, including MEP consultants and promoters. The General Contractor is able to collaborate and communicate with the other team members through BIM software as they work together, saving time and avoiding confusion with the software’s cloud feature.
This technology ensures improved quality and stability within its environment. It offers precast engineering like a precast feasibility study, precast structural concepts, and architectural coordination, and recast element detail design for stripping and transportation, among other things. A detailed precast is able to show the feasibility of a project before its completion including its stability and design which is cost effective. This includes the possibility of unforeseen circumstances such as natural disasters or construction hazards.
Finishes Implementation Centre (FIC)
A team of professionals set benchmarks for project deliverables without compromising on the quality of final seen finishes. L&T’s construction engineers transform the architect’s designs and drawings to reality. Projects are delivered to end users as a product built to structural rigidity. Visualization and simulation including the use of 3-D models help assure clients of their finished project and allow for accuracy before a project is complete.
Benefits of using BIM
As evident by L&T, there are many benefits to using BIM technology. Among them are cost, time, management, visualization, and maintaining control of possible unforeseen circumstances. BIM software ensures collaboration with all teams and helps eliminate the need for having to do reworks which is both cost-effective and time-saving.
The Future of BIM in India’s Industry
With its many benefits, India is quickly realizing that BIM modeling is vital for AEC professionals to be able to work together to design and develop buildings. However, despite the known benefits, there are still barriers that prevent India from fully engaging in BIM implementation. These include cost of equipment, client driven limitations, lack of education and training, legal and commercial barriers. The good news is that progress is being made. There are now more than 50 AECO organizations that deliver BIM projects to the local and global market. More buildings and infrastructure are being built in India using BIM software and technology including metro stations and housing facilities. Free seminars are being held in Dubai at Construction Expos to specifically inform AEC professionals about the many benefits of BIM and how to utilize the model. This is a big step for the AECO industry, which is the second largest industry in India, employing more than 35 million as of 2015.
Countries, whether developed or developing, are seeing the long-lasting value in BIM technology. Though there is still progress that needs to be made and barriers that need to be lifted, with its adoption, future indications are promising for BIM technology in India’s Construction Industry.