There are the various software’s in the market currently for AEC & CAD Industry, but out of them there are 5 major software’s in the market has set a record of creating a huge demand in the last few years. We figured out why these software’s adoption rate was higher and what are their strong features that create a huge dependency among the Architects, Contractors, Modelers & Renderers for their efficient work. Here are the TOP 5 Sofware’s that has the major market share in CAD & AEC Industry.
- Revit (BIM):
In this current BIM Scenario REVIT is the tool that holds the major market share in the AEC Industry of almost 48% as per NBS Report 2017. It is used for Architecture design, Modeling & Documentation of any project and its developed by Autodesk INC.
Revit is Allowing Architects, engineers, and the Construction Industry to make changes in real time. It can track the amount of time each person spends working on the project, projecting construction costs and timing from the beginning of a building; thus, helping construction meet completion goals better than ever before. It also tells the AEC information right down to what, when, and where the building will need maintenance.
Here are the top 5 benefits of using Revit on your BIM Project.
- Better Collaboration Using Revit
- Best for resolving conflicts between Project Members.
- Revit is Detailed Oriented (Provides all informatory data required to the respective coordinating members using BIM 360 Tool).
- It’s been easy to visualize your project and also the simulation of the project using Revit.
- Identify & Meet with clients with a splendid presentation using Revit.
- ArchiCAD (BIM) :
ArchiCAD is the 2nd most commonly used software for BIM Projects and it’s been adopted by an average of 18% market by AEC Industry. ArchiCAD has been developed by Graphisoft by keeping various problems and their solutions for many divergent segments in the AEC Industry.
Top 5 benefits for ArchiCAD :
- Enhanced Capacity of maintaining the productivity by making real-time projects collaborations easier and faster.
- Intelligently designed for Architects by focusing on their needs.
- Easy to learn and not heavy duty functions which also reduce the IT Cost.
- ArchiCAD is a server-based technology and it empowers firms for easy configuration for any size of projects.
- Maintain the competition by overcoming from the risk of delays of documentation and design process.
- Primavera (BIM): Project Planning & Scheduling
#BIM TOOLS #CAD TOOLS
#RENDERING TOOLS #ARCHITECTURAL TOOLS
By using primavera we can prepare any business project portfolio. It has been opted by almost 70% of the individuals in AEC Industry. Primavera handles large-scale and mature projects very easily and it has been developed by Oracle INC.
Here are the top benefits of using Primavera :
- Maintain your resource capacity
- Planning & Scheduling of any convoluted projects is now easier by using Primavera P6.
- Optimize your resources by tracking and by designating best resources.
- After the Planning phase, it’s very important to visualize and monitor your project performance according to your plan and we can do that using Primavera.
- Project performance analysis gives an idea of any errors by which we can make alternate project pans.
- Solidworks (Mechanical CAD) :
SOLIDWORKS is a parametric-based 3D modeling CAD software and is been adopted by more than 1,50,000 companies worldwide. Apart from dominating manufacturing sector, This 3D Modelling software has also been used in the interior, architectural and medicine industries to name a few.
SOLIDWORKS provides a wide platform for solid modeling, as well as for surface modeling both controlled parametrically. Parametric 3d modeling is a modeling technique in which geometries are controlled by using numeric parameters like the diameter of a circle and geometry based parameters like concentricity and perpendicularity. Hence one can capture design intent to change the product’s geometry and shape throughout the product development process.
Here are the Top Advantages of Using SOLIDWORKS,
- User-friendly Interface making it easier to learn as compared to other CAD software.
- Easy to manipulate design at any stage in the product development phase.
- Real view graphics allow the model to be visualize rendered view in real time.
- Integrated add-ons help’s in analyzing dynamics, kinematics etc.
- This 3D Modelling software minimizes the time and development cost and allows you to make the design process effortless.
@BIMNCAD, Source: www.bimncad.com
- Autodesk 3DS Max (Architecture & Interiors Renderings) :
3Ds Max is a product by Autodesk INC, it has been diversified across the Engineering and Construction (AEC) business and has strong 3D modeling & Rendering capabilities.
3Ds Max consists of the many wealthy options that facilitate the modelers, the renders and also the designers to form unflawed photo-realistic 3D pictures also as 3D animations of any construction component.
Here are the top benefits of using 3Ds Max for 3D CAD Modeling & Rendering in the AEC Industry:
- In 3D animation services particularly the structural, the mechanical animation & in AEC industry, 3Ds Max 2018 has created notable improvements in the visualization, the motion graphics, the visual effects, etc.
- 3ds Max is a digital content creation software package, It can even produce 3d printable elements within the laptop which will replace human effort or sophisticate designed device
- It helps Modelers, Renderers and also the alternative users to increase their efficiency because of the diversification in 3D CAD Modeling, 3D Renderings, and Animation features.
- 3ds Max incorporates a dialog tool referred to as Material Editor that enables users to create & edit materials and maps in their scenes. they’ll be able to apply artistic textures, as well as, simulate refractions, reflections, and many effects as they assign materials to things.
- You can now link objects together in 3Ds Max, As a result, it allows the user to form hierarchies and can animate sets of objects in once.
In recent years, Building Information Modeling, otherwise known as BIM, has grown in popularity with professionals in architecture, engineering, and construction. This is mainly due in part to the efficient tools it gives AEC professionals in the planning, designing, construction, and overall management phases of buildings and infrastructures. By gaining popularity on various fields it creates various “BIM Tools” to optimize your project and to gain better insights.
BIM has unequivocally become a necessity for construction in almost every developed and developing country. As we all know BIM plays a major role in providing crucial project information, And with the increased popularity in recent times these are the “Top 5 BIM Tools & Trends” we should watch out for before doing any project using Building Information Modeling.
- COBie (BIM Tools, Plugin)
COBie stands for “Construction Operations Building Information Exchange” it’s a subset of BIM and focused on providing asset data. COBie is the format of information exchange only.
How you can get most from open standard BIM (i.e Cobie)
Looking at Plan, Elevation & Section,
- Mental Model or section visualization
- Everyone will be discussing the items they will be needing to know about
- We get a good understanding what every other person meant by their own drawings
- More drawings now then even before, Because it’s just so easy to print them all, Designers are the only one who are required to deliver tons of paper
- 4D, 5D, 6D & 7D BIM (BIM Tools)
BIM is assisting the AECO industry to reduce delays and costly overruns, implementation of more advanced 5D BIM tools can also avoid potential litigation. A 3D digital model of the planned construction is produced to allow design issues to be resolved before building even starts; more data can be analysed alongside the model to include scheduling and cost information thus avoiding costly delays dues to clashes as well as expensive reworking, this is 4D BIM. For a complete visualization of the project, 5D BIM considers cost, schedule and spatial design for the entirety of the project from conception to demolition to everyone involved in the project.
- 6D-BIM tool helps perform energy consumption analysis. The utilization of 6D-BIM technology can result in more complete and accurate energy estimates earlier in the design process.
- The 7D BIM tool allows participants to extract and track relevant asset data such as component status, specifications, maintenance/operation manuals, warranty data etc.
- 3D Printing
3D Printing technology has gained a lot more popularity in AEC Sector. It has a great potential of creating valuable and accurate building elements in a very short span of time at a very low cost. Apart from dominating manufacturing sector, it’s also been used in interior, architectural and medicine industries to name a few. We can use 3D Printing to create prototypes of Prehab materials & Manufacturing Components and submit it to construction partners.
- Augmented Reality/ VR
With a superb success of Augmented Reality on mobile devices this technology now gain the advantage of diversifying its use towards BIM (Building Information Modelling) industry.
AR Technology for BIM (Building Information Modelling) has made a great effort on providing BIM Model data hands free in 3D. By enhancing BIM with AR Technology has proven how we can understand about the built environment.
- Green Building Effort
In today’s world of pollution, greenhouse gases, energy footprints, and more; tools like this are no longer sitting around on the shelf. With the worlds collective environmental problems, particularly climate change, being a severe global issue; just waiting for the bright minds of today, and technology, to concentrate its efforts on solving this sobering challenge. BIM has the power to change all of this when optimized for today’s sustainable construction. The AEC now realizes how vital BIM for sustainable building design. The AEC also recognizes how badly needed such a powerful tool is and can be. Assisting in this global issue, the aims of this BIM Tool are leaning more toward sustainable building design. The future of building information modelling is taking many steps to solve these issues.
Source : www.bimncad.com
BIM for Sustainable Building Design
Firstly, we need to discuss Building Information Modeling (BIM), what it is, and its potential to Conquer the answer to sustainable design. BIM in and of itself; is known as the process to design buildings and structures on a collaborative level. BIM is Allowing Architects, engineers, and the Construction Industry (AEC) to make changes in real time. It can track the amount of time each person spends working on the project, projecting constructio n costs and timing from the beginning of a building; thus, helping construction meet completion goals better than ever before. It also tells the AEC information right down to what, when, and where the building will need to maintenance. That is the simple definition.
Where is BIM going
In truth, BIM goes so much further; it is difficult to take in all that this has to offer. Other than the genius that has gone into its creation. BIM has been a long time in the making and, seems to be a fluid and ever-evolving form, taking shape into things we had not previously imagined. However, as technology grows, our applications and their abilities are ever expanding too. Where is the future of building information modeling going?
The future of BIM
Well, it is going green; as the future of BIM technology changes along with everything else, it is maturing and growing into something that gives AEC some remarkable power in building design. As if this were not enough, the future of BIM software will be able to integrate with other emerging schemas that focus on building green. Moreover, even upcoming AI implementations; which, will streamline the drafting and how information is changed and entered into the BIM even further.
The future of BIM in construction
Which is excellent, mother earth not only needs it, she is begging for it; and so are the people and animal life. Not only is it great that this is being worked on by concerned AEC, but due to The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007. Requires that new construction and renovation projects must make sure they are using 55% less energy than other commercial buildings. Furthermore, by 2030, all new facilities have to meet the new standard of net-zero energy buildings.
When BIM optimization is applied
Well, there is BIM, and there is, of course, optimization of the tools you have at your fingertips. The BIM is just a thing, without humans that actively utilize BIM and sustainable construction are optimizing it, without AEC using this valuable tool, it is just another program sitting on a desktop. We, just cannot have that. The power of BIM to grow sustainable homes, structures, and buildings is too powerful to let it sit on the shelf; therefore, it cannot!
In today’s world of pollution, BIM software is the future
In today’s world of pollution, greenhouse gases, energy footprints, and more; tools like this are no longer sitting around on the shelf. With the worlds collective environmental problems, particularly climate change, being a severe global issue; just waiting for the bright minds of today, and technology, to concentrate its efforts on solving this sobering challenge. BIM has the power to change all of this when optimized for today’s sustainable construction. The AEC now realizes how vital BIM for sustainable building design. The AEC also recognizes how badly needed such a powerful tool is and can be. Assisting in this global issue, the aims of BIM are leaning more toward sustainable building design. The future of building information modeling is taking many steps to solve these issues.
BIM Optimization for sustainable building design
Imagine it. Green buildings. There is a subset of BIM Optimization for sustainable and greener buildings. Green Building IML is a subset of the BMI modeling efforts. This subset of optimizing BMI and sustainability; thankfully, is a reality. Many people are not concerned at all with the carbon footprint and pollution that buildings create or perhaps, they have never thought of how much additional energy buildings use. Honestly, it is a staggering amount. Our beloved buildings and structures are releasing over 70% of greenhouse gasses emitted. Moreover, they use a crushing 70% of the energy consumed in the United States alone.
The future of BIM technology and solutions
It does not take much thought to realize this is a staggering amount of energy. Also, it is such a large number; it is obnoxious. Moreover, it is an issue for our climate, air quality, and carbon footprint affecting the entire world. Some of these numbers may be in the USA, but we all know the wind blows across the globe. This fact is not only revolting, most of us realize it is causing health issues and climate change; this is where BMI optimization for sustainable construction comes into play. Making crucial correct decisions regarding sustainable buildings at the initial stage plays a pivotal role in realizing the sustainable building. It is clear why in recent years, BIM has become a favorite approach used for sustainable building design.
The future of BIM and theme of sustainable building
The general theme of a sustainable building is: Use as few resources as possible, not to disturb ecosystems, disrupt natural life rhythms during construction, maintenance, operation and demolition of a building. BIM is a favorite approach to the creation of the sustainable building. Giving the AEC the ability to enter all the geometry, geographic information, spatial relationships, and the properties and quantities of the building elements; which, are saved in its virtual 3D environment. Thus, the ability to apply simulation after simulation while still in the virtual environment. Giving them the ability to verify the performance of their designs. Also, giving them the full use of the future of BIM in construction designs, and find one that works best for the build area and environment. The future of BIM technology and its optimization, and more widespread use may be just what the doctor ordered for the planet, and all of her inhabitants. Taking nature, wildlife, and humans into consideration before a build, will decrease not only the carbon footprint and emissions; but the effect the buildings have on our emotions and how we have finally come to value simple things such as clean air, environment, and wildlife habitat erosion.
Of course, these changes cannot happen overnight. However, it creates hope and the possibility of change; that things can and will be better for our lives and the lives of our future generations in general because of the unique technology of building information technology.
BIM is not a new and unknown term in India anymore.
In recent years, Building Information Modeling, otherwise known as BIM, has grown in popularity with professionals in architecture, engineering, and construction industry. This is mainly due in part to the efficient tools it gives AEC professionals in the planning, designing, construction, and overall management phases of buildings and infrastructures. However, in India, the implementation of BIM modeling and applications has been slow and gradual in many industries.
India’s slow rise in BIM
BIM has unequivocally become a necessity for construction in almost every developed and developing country including India. So why has the process taken long to adopt? Generally, India has been a bit hesitant to adopt new technologies, and BIM expertise in india are limited in the region. Not to mention the heavy initial cost of BIM and the lack of involvement from the government of india to quicken its implementation. However, rapid urbanization and industrialization has changed the scenario and has given rise to the need for better infrastructural set ups in india. As it is said that the quality of the country’s existing infrastructure is neither efficient nor environmentally optimal. Which means there is a need for BIM technology to revolutionize the construction landscape in India.
Construction Companies Using BIM
As mentioned earlier, AEC professionals have incorporated BIM into their projects, and this includes some of the biggest construction companies across the globe like Hochtief, China Communications Construction Group, Vinci, and Samsung C&T. Among them is also Indian based company Larsen & Toubro. L&T is a company that claims to have mastered BIM from the start. Beginning with a conceptual demonstration to detail architecture, all the way up to post construction, among other performance-enhancing applications. This extends to their projects including airports, IT infrastructure buildings, public buildings such as sport infrastructure and metro stations, and factories using steel, reinforced concrete, and pre-stressed concrete. The adoption of BIM processes has allowed experts to explore a project’s crucial characteristics physically and digitally even before it’s been completely built.
So how does L&T incorporate BIM into their projects and can more Indian based construction companies follow? These are six key factors in L&T’s BIM incorporation of software and technology:
To ensure a project can even begin, it is vital to establish the human need for it combined with the efficient use of space. L&T offers turnkey design and construction of infrastructure and modern amenitiesthat meet customer needs. This eliminates the possibility of having a project fail before it can reach stakeholders.
Using advanced production techniques and high-speed technologies like heated tunnel forms and aluminum form work help in the reinforcement of walls and floor slabs on a continuous single pour which thereby reduces time and cost. Buildings are less acceptable to collapse which reduces the need for rebuilding.
L&T has India’s largest fleet of construction equipment that offers speed, high quality, and cost-effective construction. With a combination of construction techniques and a systematic schedule, L&T is able to ensure quick work progress at high levels of accuracy and enhanced productivity with safe practices. Buildings are built with accuracy and speed which reduces the cost and time to finish.
Design and Build
L&T’s concept is simple: The General Contractor takes single-point-responsibility. To elaborate, the General Contractor is responsible for coordinating with the other AEC professionals involved in the project, including MEP consultants and promoters. The General Contractor is able to collaborate and communicate with the other team members through BIM software as they work together, saving time and avoiding confusion with the software’s cloud feature.
This technology ensures improved quality and stability within its environment. It offers precast engineering like a precast feasibility study, precast structural concepts, and architectural coordination, and recast element detail design for stripping and transportation, among other things. A detailed precast is able to show the feasibility of a project before its completion including its stability and design which is cost effective. This includes the possibility of unforeseen circumstances such as natural disasters or construction hazards.
Finishes Implementation Centre (FIC)
A team of professionals set benchmarks for project deliverables without compromising on the quality of final seen finishes. L&T’s construction engineers transform the architect’s designs and drawings to reality. Projects are delivered to end users as a product built to structural rigidity. Visualization and simulation including the use of 3-D models help assure clients of their finished project and allow for accuracy before a project is complete.
Benefits of using BIM
As evident by L&T, there are many benefits to using BIM technology. Among them are cost, time, management, visualization, and maintaining control of possible unforeseen circumstances. BIM software ensures collaboration with all teams and helps eliminate the need for having to do reworks which is both cost-effective and time-saving.
The Future of BIM in India’s Industry
With its many benefits, India is quickly realizing that BIM modeling is vital for AEC professionals to be able to work together to design and develop buildings. However, despite the known benefits, there are still barriers that prevent India from fully engaging in BIM implementation. These include cost of equipment, client driven limitations, lack of education and training, legal and commercial barriers. The good news is that progress is being made. There are now more than 50 AECO organizations that deliver BIM projects to the local and global market. More buildings and infrastructure are being built in India using BIM software and technology including metro stations and housing facilities. Free seminars are being held in Dubai at Construction Expos to specifically inform AEC professionals about the many benefits of BIM and how to utilize the model. This is a big step for the AECO industry, which is the second largest industry in India, employing more than 35 million as of 2015.
Countries, whether developed or developing, are seeing the long-lasting value in BIM technology. Though there is still progress that needs to be made and barriers that need to be lifted, with its adoption, future indications are promising for BIM technology in India’s Construction Industry.
In this tutorial, over head water tank analysis will be done using STAAD.Pro V8i. The detailed procedure is given below.
Open STAAD.Pro V8i and create a new Space structure with Meter and KiloNewton as Length Units and Force Units.
Select the Beam page under Geometry tab; the Snap Node/Beam window is displayed.
Close the Snap Node/Beam window.
In the Nodes window, create the nodes with the data given below. Figure-1 shows the nodes created.
Figure-1 The Nodes created
Now, we will create the members in the upward direction so that the plates could be created with the same orientation. If the plates are created in different orientation, you cannot assign a single load case to plates with different orientations.
Create the members with the data given below. Figure-2 shows the members created.
|Beam||Node A||Node B|
Figure-2 The Members created
Now, we will create a segment of the tank using the Circular Repeat tool.
Select all the members and then choose the Circular Repeat tool from the Geometry menu; the 3D Circular dialog box is displayed.
Enter the values as shown in Figure-3.
Figure-3 The 3D Circular dialog box
Choose the OK button; the model will be repeated at 20 degrees with rotational axis as Y-axis.
Select all the members and then select the Create Infill Plates option from the Geometry menu; the plates will be automatically created in the areas enclosed by the members.
Select the outer periphery beams as shown in Figure-4 and delete them.
Figure-4 Periphery beams to be deleted
Now, we will apply loads to the plates.
Select the Loads & Definition page from the General tab; the Load & Definition window is displayed.
Select the Load Cases Details node in the Load & Definition window and choose the Add button; the Add New: Load Cases dialog box is displayed with the Primary node selected by default.
Select the Fluids option from the Loading Type drop-down list and enter Fluid Loads in the Title text box.
Choose the Add button; the primary load case will be created under the Load Case Details node of the Load & Definition window. Close the Add New: Load Cases dialog box.
Select the newly created Fluid Loads load case and choose the Add button from the Load & Definition window; the Add New: Load Items dialog box is displayed.
Select the Plate Loads node in the Add New: Load Items dialog box; the Pressure on Full Plate page is displayed by default.
Enter -76 as load intensity in the W1 text box and select GY as the load direction. Choose the Add button; the load is added under the Fluid Loads load case.
Select the Hydrostatic page from the Plate Loads node in the Add New: Load Items dialog box; the Hydrostatic page is displayed.
The options are unavailable as no plates are selected.
Choose the Select Plate(s) button from the Add New: Load Items dialog box; the Selected Items dialog box is displayed.
Choose the Plates cursor and select the plate as shown in Figure-5; the plate number is displayed in the Selected Items(s) dialog box.
Figure-5 The selected plate onto which load is applied
Choose the Done button from the Selected Items(s) dialog box; the Selected Items(s) dialog box is closed and the options are available in the Hydrostatic page.
Enter -53.9 in the W1 edit box and -0.009 in the W2 edit box.
Select the Y and Local Z radio buttons in the Interpolate along Global Axis and Direction of pressure areas, respectively.
Choose the Add button; the load is added under the Fluid Loads load case.
Similarly, add the hydrostatic load of the magnitude ranging from -53.9 to -66.4 kN/m2 on the plate just below the vertical plate, as shown in Figure-6.
Figure-6 The selected plate onto which load is applied
Now we will assign the uniform pressure created in previous steps onto the bottom plate of tank.
Select the uniform pressure load and assign it to the plate as shown in Figure-7.
Figure-7 The load applied onto the bottom most plate
Create a new load case for dead loads and add self weight and a uniform load for railing. The railing will be placed onto the beam situated at the edge of the cantilever plate, as shown in Figure-8.
Figure-8 The self weight and railing load applied
Now we will provide sectional properties to the model.
Select the Properties page from the General tab; the Properties – Whole Structure window is displayed.
Choose the Thickness button from the Properties – Whole Structure window; the Plate Element/Surface Property dialog box is displayed.
Enter 0.15 as thickness in the Node 1 edit box and make sure that the Concrete option is selected from the Material drop-down list. Choose the Add button; the Plate Element/Surface Property dialog box is closed.
Select the Assign to View radio button from the Properties – Whole Structure window and then choose the Assign button; the property is assigned to each plate created.
Choose the Define button from the Properties – Whole Structure window; the Property dialog box is displayed.
Select the Rectangle node; the Rectangle page is displayed. Enter 0.45 and 0.30 in the YD and ZD edit boxes respectively.
Choose the Add button; the Property dialog box is closed and the property is added to the Properties – Whole Structure window.
Assign the newly created property to the members in the model.
Similarly, assign a cross sectional property of 0.15m x 0.15m to the member carrying railing load.
Figure-9 Properties added and assigned to the model
Select the Support page from the General tab; the Supports – Whole Structure window is displayed.
Choose the Create button; the Create Support dialog box is displayed with the Fixed tab chosen by default.
Choose the Add button; the fixed support is added to the Supports – Whole Structure window.
Assign the fixed support created to the lowermost nodes, as shown in Figure-10.
Figure-10 Fixed supports added to the model
Select the plates and members using the Geometry Cursor and choose the Circular Repeat option from the Geometry menu; the 3D Circular dialog box is displayed.
Enter the values as shown in Figure-11.
Figure-11 The 3D Circular dialog box
Choose the OK button; the model will be repeated at 360 degrees with rotational axis as Y-axis
Figure-12 shows the water tank created.
Figure-12 Model of water tank created
Figure-13 and Figure-14 shows the 3D rendered views of the water tank.
Figure-13 3D rendered view of the water tank model
Figure-14 3D rendered view of the water tank model
Now, we will analyze the model created.
Select the Perform Analysis option from the Analysis fly-out in the Commands menu; the Perform Analysis dialog box is displayed.
Close the Perform Analysis dialog box and select the Run Analysis option from the Analyze menu; the STAAD Analysis and Design window is displayed showing the progress of solution.
Once the analysis is complete; select the Go to Post Processing Mode radio button and choose the Done button; the Results Setup dialog box is displayed.
Choose the Apply and the OK button; the post-processing mode is displayed along with various results.
Choose the Plate tab; the Diagrams dialog box is displayed.
In the Diagrams dialog box, select the MY (local) option from the Stress type drop-down list and choose the OK button; the stress contours is visible in the model along with the legend.
Figure-15 shows the MY (local) stress contours in the model.
Figure-15 MY (local) stress contours of the model
Similarly, you can view various other stress contours for the plate elements.